If you are a sighted person, the chances are you don’t even understand how much your sight helps you during your everyday life. From work to everyday routine tasks, seeing what we are doing is something we’ve been used to our whole lives, and while adapting to a life without sight is possible, it’s important to take good care of your eyes to make sure they are healthy for as long as possible. But what are the important steps to proper eye care and how should we act when we notice changes in our eyesight?
Know the history
When you go to a doctor, nearly every one of them will ask you about your family’s medical history. As far back as you can remember, try to find out if any of your ancestors had poor vision, problems with their eyes or any general health condition that also affected their eyes. Knowing this might help catch some conditions that would generally not be tested for so early, and it might explain some changes that seem serious, but simply run in the family. Try and find medical history records, or if those don’t exist, ask your family members if they can remember anything.
Practice healthy habits
There are a lot of things that we do every day that damage our health, like sitting at a desk for a long time, or not having proper meals. But there are some things that affect your eyesight that you might not even be aware of.
Smoking: Numerous studies have shown that smoking has long-lasting effects on our health, and the eyes are no exception. It damages the blood vessels, including those around the eyes, and increases the risk of vision loss, dry eye syndrome, cataracts and other conditions.
Balanced diet: What we eat has a lot to do with how we feel, and just like we are not going to have healthy bones if we are not getting enough calcium, an Omega-3 deficiency can severely impact your eyesight, so make sure you are getting in those walnuts, flaxseeds and tuna. Some conditions related to being overweight, like diabetes, can also lead to vision loss so make sure to stay healthy.
Take breaks: When we are focused on one thing for a longer period of time, whether that is a screen, something small we are crafting, or reading a book, looking at the same thing for a long time can strain our eyes, and they can definitely use the rest, so every twenty minutes look away for a while, or at least close your eyes.
Go to regular check-ups
The best way to prevent any damage to your eyes is to visit an optometrist on a regular basis, and whenever you notice some changes. They will either assure you that you are alright, or they will recommend a proper treatment. No two sight problems are the same, and professionals will be able to tell you whether the best thing for you are glasses that you will wear when performing a certain task, or contact lenses that you can keep in during the day to improve your daily productivity, without the hassle of glasses. Listen to your doctor’s recommendations and tell them if you notice changes or if you would like to change something in your treatment.
Make sure that your eyes are always protected. Whether you are walking around on a sunny day, or working with something that has the risk of falling into your eyes, wear protective gear and if something happens, see a doctor as soon as you can. Some people have worse sight than others simply due to genetics, but as long as you do your best to keep your eyes healthy, you will be on your way to good sight for a long time.